|Alphonse Mucha, "Princezna Hyacinta", 1911|
Personally, I’ve always been a huge fan of Art Nouveau, probably because I grew up in a house decorated with Alphonse Mucha posters [Mucha was the “father” of Art Nouveau]. I love the flowery, flowing, asymmetrical patterns in Art Nouveau architecture and design and how they try to blend in with the natural surroundings. I mean look at these examples!!
|Casa Battló, restored by Gaudí, Barcelona|
|La Fermette Marbeau, Paris|
[images: Tiffany Studios Double Poinsettia table lamp, blog.chasenantiques.com /
Hector Guimard furniture / Door by architect Emile André]
|Chrysler Building © Bettmann/CORBIS|
Art Deco was a movement in the decorative arts, design and architecture that originated in the 1920s in France and developed into a major style in western Europe and the United States during the 1930s and 1940s.
Deco emerged from the Interwar period when rapid industrialization was transforming culture, therefore it's not surprising that one of its major attributes was an embrace of technology. Deco drew inspiration from Machine Age and streamline technologies, such as modern aviation, electric lighting, radio, ocean liners and skyscrapers. Art Deco also came to represent luxury, glamour and exuberance, especially in the United States which were booming materially, if not spiritually...
|Chrysler Building Entrance|
Inspiration also came from abroad. During the 1920s, the ability for long-distance travel and the consequent encounter with foreign cultures, but also the popularity of archeology due to excavations in Pompeii and Troy and the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun, influenced artists and designers who used motifs from other cultures than their own - ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, Rome, Asia, Mesoamerica, and Oceania. Here are some fetching pieces of jewellery with evident influences...
[images: Pendant Brooch, Charlton 1925, Christie's / Egyptian revival comb, circa 1923 / No information / Aquamarine Pendant, 1930s 1stdibs.com]
Deco was also influenced by Cubism, Constructivism, Functionalism, Modernism, and Futurism, but while most of these design movements have political or philosophical beginnings or intentions, art deco was purely decorative.
[images: Parkview Square, Singapore © Harry Tan / Carbide and Carbon Building, Chicago Illinois © Terence Faircloth]
Art Deco was a globally popular style and influenced many areas of design, including industrial design, interior design...
...fashion and jewelry...
[images: Erté / evening dress, 1928 from the Minnesota Historical Society]
...as well as the visual arts such as painting, graphic arts and film. Fritz Lang's Metropolis is one such example. You can read more about it in the post ‘Metropolis' – A Future of the Past.
"The austerities imposed by World War II caused Art Deco to decline in popularity." In the States, society had already entered an era of Great Depression after the stock market crash in 1929 and the Art Deco style "was perceived by many as inappropriately luxurious." No wonder...
More about the distinction: Art Nouveau & Art Deco For Noobs… more about Art Nouveau: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Art_Nouveau more about Alphonse Mucha: Mucha on Wikipedia, Mucha Foundation, Mucha Museum, Mucha on artsy.net
My Art Deco Board: Pinterest / Art DecoMy Art Nouveau Board: Pinterest / Art Nouveau
My '20s Fashion Board: Pinterest / '20s Fashion